The island is a shield volcano. Distinct vegetation zones are evident with changing elevation. A road crosses the island interior; running from the north coast where the ferry crosses the Itabaca Channel from Baltra where you will arrive to the Airport, to the town of Puerto Ayora on the south coast. The road provides a route passing various ecological zones (coastal/mangrove, arid, agricultural, brown, Scalesa, Pampa),

Darwin Station & Galapagos National Park Rearing Center

Among the biggest attractions are the giant tortoise pens with adults from different species from around the archipelago, including the very famous Lonesome George (the last remaining Pinta island tortoise), a baby-tortoise house with incubators where you can see hatchlings and juveniles; you can also appreciate land iguanas. Paths take you through examples of plants from coastal, dry and transition vegetative zones, and a variety of land birds, including Darwin´s Finches and Mockingbirds will be seen.

Tortuga Bay

This is an incredible white sand beach that stretches 2km, with pristine clear waters and a spectacular landscape. The beach ends in a beautiful mangrove lagoon, and there is a trail to appreciate the endemic Opuntias, marine iguanas, brown pelicans, Darwin Finches. Swimming, kayaking, and surfing.

El Garrapatero

Located in the southeast side of Santa Cruz, is a beautiful secluded spot for swimming and enjoy the beauty of its landscape, and views of Santa Fe island.

Los Gemelos

Are two big sinkholes formed when the roofs of empty magma chambers collapsed. This zone is Known as the Humid Zone where the endemic Scalesia plant has its dominance, on these trees you can appreciate the endemic Galapagos Orchids, Bromelias and other epiphytes , along the trail you might find land birds including the beautiful Galapagos dove, Darwin´s Finches, Yellow warblers among others.

Lava Tubes

These are underground tunnels formed when the outside skin of a molten lava flow cooled and solidified while the lava inside kept flowing, emptying the solid skin and leaving hollow tunnels up to 20m high. Some tunnels are more than 2 km long, native Barn owls are common.

Tortoise Reserve

In this natural habitat of algae-covered pools and grasses, you´re likely to see enormous tortoises!, white cheeked pintail ducks, moorhen, woodpecker and ground finches.